Church Insurance: Cost, Coverage & Top Companies

Like any other business, churches need to protect their assets. However, it’s not as easy as asking an agent to provide church insurance. You will need multiple policies that are tailored to your risk. In the event of an injury, general liability is required by most churches. The average cost of this policy is $500 to $1500 per year.

Online brokers such as CoverWallet make insurance easy for churches, mosques and other religious groups. CoverWallet will match you with a carrier that offers the right coverage for your organization.

Visit CoverWallet

Top Insurance Companies

Provider Best for
CoverWallet Religious groups that wish to quickly get covered but still compare offers
State Farm Churches who need comprehensive property insurance to cover equipment breakdown and sewer backup
Brotherhood Mutual Christian churches who want overseas mission coverage for liability, property and medical purposes
Church Mutual Insurance To reduce the number of claims, worship centers may need assistance with safety training.
Gateway Specialty Insurance Multiple options are available for religious organizations who want to tailor their coverage

The risks faced by churches, synagogues and mosques as well as other religious organisations are unique. We focused on specialty carriers because they have the best reputation for covering these types of risks. This is because they have extensive industry knowledge and can usually offer adequate coverage at an affordable price.


There are common risks within the industry such as older buildings and high-value artifacts. Also, congregations have high expectations. This makes it difficult to find church insurance. We recommend that you submit an application with an online broker CoverWallet. It is simple to complete and can often result in multiple offers that you can compare in a matter of minutes. The applicant can choose the best option for them.

State Farm

State Farm provides broad coverages to religious organizations, especially when it comes down to church property insurance. Churches are also covered for common exposures like equipment breakdown and sewer backups. You can also get optional coverage for data breaches and cemetery liability.

Brotherhood Mutual

Brotherhood Mutual is in the business of protecting Christian churches for over 100 years. The company’s 350 independent agents from 47 states are trained to assess ministry structures, liabilities, risks, and find the right coverage for churches. Brotherhood Mutual offers insurance for overseas missions that provides coverage for liability lawsuits and ministry-owned property and vehicles. It also covers medical payments for injured workers and political evacuations.

Church Mutual Insurance

Church Mutual has more insured religious institutions than any other American insurance company and offers many property- and liability insurance policies that are specifically tailored for common church exposures. Church Mutual’s most distinctive offering is its safety library. It includes everything from background checks and water sensors to abuse awareness training through its MinistrySafe and CM Sensors Program. These resources are great for churches who want to reduce claims and control costs.

Gateway Specialty Insurance

Gateway Specialty Insurance, a Berkshire Hathaway brokerage, partners with 17 insurance companies to offer quality insurance for niche markets. Gateway Specialty has relationships with specialty insurance companies, so Gateway Specialty can customize your church insurance according to your needs. You can also add coverage for equipment breakdown and business income to the standard insurance policies for churches.

Who needs church insurance?

We use the term “church insurance” in a broad sense. Church insurance can be used to cover religious organisations of any kind, such as synagogues, temples, mosques, and temples. Some non-traditional practices may also be eligible for insurance. Because they are often in contact with people and have property, religious organisations need insurance to protect their assets.

These are some less-common spiritual practices that might require insurance.

  • Travel preacher: Preachers that travel between places will likely need the following policies, as well as inland marine insurance which covers property while in transit.
  • Home churches. Homeowners insurance typically covers an informal prayer group, but churches that receive donations or are linked to a larger organisation will need church insurance.
  • Yoga and meditation, tai-chi and meditation: These spiritual practices will likely require business insurance. Learn more about yoga and our insurance guide .

How insurance works for churches

Multiple policies can be used to insure churches and other religious organisations. You determine the risks of your organization and choose policies that will cover them. A business owner’s policy (BOP), which covers third-party lawsuits as well as damage to church property, is the most common and typically costs between $1,000 and $2,600 annually.

Although BOPs are important for churches, they’re not the only type of insurance religious organizations require. The exposures your temple or church has will determine which type of insurance they need. Exposure is how much potential loss your organization faces. This can often be determined by your operations.

Let’s take, for example, the fact that your clergy offers spiritual counseling. While this may be an important aspect of your ministry, it could also expose your organization to negligence claims. You can purchase professional liability insurance for your defense costs.

Church Insurance Costs

Insurance costs for religious institutions vary widely because no two religious institutions are the same. Small churches can often save money by choosing an insurer that specializes on religious organizations, or a broker who offers church insurance programs. Brokers can often get affordable coverage for small organizations by grouping together many churches.

Church Insurance Costs and Deductibles according to Coverage Type


Type of coverage Maximum Coverage Annual Premium Cost Deductible
General Liability Insurance $1 million/$2 million From $500 to $1,500 From $0 to $500
BOP $1 million/$2 million From $200 to $1,000 $10,000**
Pastoral Professional Liability Insurance $1 million/$2 million From $800 to $1000 From $500 to $1,000
D&O Insurance $1 million/$2 million From $500 to $1,000 From $500 to $1,000
Abuse & Molestation Insurance $300,000. From $100 to $300 From $0 to $500

*General liability coverage does not usually include a deductible. To keep your costs down, however, you might be able request one.


**Property Deductible for BOP

This table displays the average premiums for churches that have fewer than 300 members. There are two limits for general liability, pastoral liability and D&O insurance. The first limit is the amount that insurers will pay for a single claim, while the second is the total amount paid for all claims during the policy term. Because abuse and molestation coverage is often added to general liability or professional liability, it is listed as a “sublimit”.

Your premium for liability coverages will be affected by the size of your congregation.

  • Your board size: More board members means you need more insurance, as it increases your chance of being sued.
  • Your claims history When setting your premium, insurers consider how many claims you have made in the past. Insurance waivers and other risk management methods can help reduce claims.
  • The services that you offer: Both individual and group counseling can increase your premium. However, other ministries such as food pantries and daycares can also raise your premium.
  • You policy terms: Increasing your premium by asking for higher limits. In contrast, a lower deductible will usually lower your premium.
  • Your property’s value: A synagogue that owns valuable artifacts will pay more for commercial property coverage than one that rents only a storefront.

The Most Popular Types of Church Insurance

Types of insurance What it covers
General Liability Insurance Third-party claims for bodily injury and property damage
Commercial Property Insurance Assured value of business-owned properties
Pastoral Professional Liability Insurance Professional negligence allegations
Directors & Officers Insurance When a board member is sued for actions taken for the organization, it will be their legal defense
Commercial Auto Insurance Accidents in church-owned vehicles can lead to high costs
Workers’ Compensation Insurance Loss of wages and medical expenses for employees resulting from work-related injuries and illnesses
Abuse & Molestation Insurance Civil lawsuits: Sexual misconduct allegations

General Liability Insurance

Third-party property damage and bodily injury insurance covers these claims. People who are not employees of your organization are called third parties. Congregants are the most common example, but any person who visits your church, such as delivery people or event attendees, can be considered a third party.


  • Your broken stairs are taken by a churchgoer
  • In a rented worship area, your candles can light a fire.
  • Inadvertently, a volunteer drops the laptop of a council member

Volunteers can pose a challenge for insurance companies. Your general liability covers most accidents that volunteers cause. This means your insurance pays for any injuries or property damage caused by your volunteer. But, any injuries that your volunteer sustains are not covered. You can add volunteer coverage to workers’ compensation in some states.


Tip: Volunteers are listed on general liability policies as being insured. This means that they are covered for the injuries they cause, but not the ones they sustain. Some states allow you to include volunteer coverage as riders on workers’ compensation policies. Talk to your agent to discuss a volunteer accident medical expenses policy.


Commercial Property Insurance

Church-owned buildings and their contents are covered by commercial property insurance. This includes furnishings and fixtures as well as equipment. Property insurance covers these items if they are damaged by a covered event. This is less than your deductible so you can get the items fixed.

Commercial property insurance typically covers damage due to:

  • Fire
  • Vandalism
  • Theft
  • Hail
  • Windstorms
  • Burst pipes

There may be additional property exposures for churches, such as landscaping, valuable art, or outdoor signs. These are usually covered by commercial property insurance. However, you might want to place the right value on them so that you have enough coverage.


Tip: Churches should add fine arts endorsements for high-value artifacts to their property insurance. Most commercial property policies do not provide replacement value coverage. They also often exclude potential threats artifacts are susceptible to such as temperature and fungus.


Pastoral Professional Liability Insurance

Pastoral professional liability insurance covers clergy against claims of negligence in pastoral care. You can get one-on-one or small-group counseling, as well as guidance during religious services.

You might be required to take professional liability, for example, if you:

  • Couple claims that their divorce was caused by your inability to offer spiritual guidance
  • One congregant claims that the sermon’s advice caused them to make bad investments
  • A prayer group member claims that your words have caused emotional harm.

Pastoral professional liability insurance covers you for these types of events. It pays for your legal defense including attorney’s fees and court costs.

D&O Insurance

D&O Insurance protects your board members’ legal defense in the event they are sued for actions they have taken on behalf of your church. These accusations could include mismanagement, unfair hiring practices and defamation. They can be made by current or former employees, vendors working with your church, donors, and even members.

Your board’s actions are not covered by other policies, leaving members open to lawsuits. This can make it difficult to sit on a board. Church leaders purchase D&O to promote membership. Policies protect the assets of the church because they decrease the chance that board members will sue the church if things go wrong. D&O insurance is a good idea since board members are not covered by the general or professional liability policies of churches. If your board is sued for their board duties, they will have to pay all legal fees.

Churches can get commercial auto insurance

Church-owned cars, trucks and vans are covered by Commercial auto coverage Businesses must have at least some liability coverage in order to cover any injuries they cause in an accident. You can also add coverages such as:

  • Medical payments Covers your medical expenses, for you and your passenger, regardless of fault
  • Collision: Insures your church’s vehicles that are damaged by an accident
  • Uninsured/underinsured motorists: Covers medical expenses and property damage caused by a driver who either doesn’t have insurance or doesn’t have enough insurance
  • Comprehensive: Covers repairs to church-owned vehicles that are damaged in an accident.
  • Roadside Assistance: Insures roadside assistance such as tows
  • Non-owned and rented auto: Insures you against any damage to cars that you rent, lease, or hire.

Even though your vehicles cross state boundaries, commercial car insurance covers them. However, standard policies may not cover you if you drive while on mission trips. Ask your agent for information about the options available to you regarding vehicles that your church has or uses in other countries.

Workers’ Compensation Insurance

Workers’ Compensation Insurance A state-mandated insurance policy, which covers employees’ medical bills and partial lost wages following an injury or illness on the job, is an Workers’ Compensation insurance . While clergy are exempted in some states, most policies cover:

  • Traumatic injuries such as falling off a ladder decorating the synagogue
  • Repetitive strain injuries like carpal tunnel
  • Lung disease and occupational diseases such as lung disease can result from asbestos exposure

Two issues are important for religious organizations to be aware of when it comes to workers’ compensation:

  • Workers from overseas: This type of employee is not usually covered by workers’ comp insurance. Therefore, churches with foreign ministries might need to provide workers’ compensation for their overseas staff.
  • Volunteers Although laws may vary by state, most policies do not include volunteers. You might ask your agent for volunteer accident medical insurance.

Abuse & Molestation Insurance For Churches

Abuse and molestation insurance protects against accusations of church staff members engaging in sexual misconduct. Although these policies do not cover the criminal side, they can protect your church by covering the costs of a civil case.

Some policies covering abuse and molestation cover a civil trial, regardless of whether the allegations are true. Some policies may only cover the church that is the employer, but not the accused perpetrator. Other policies may also require you to reimburse legal fees if the perpetrator’s guilt is proven. There are many options for coverage. It is important to ask questions before purchasing a policy.

Although religious organizations and spiritual practices are not nonprofits, they still need insurance.

Bottom line

Like any business, religious organizations are subject to risks. Because of the high expectations of laypeople, they may be more likely to be sued. Many churches wouldn’t be able to pay for a costly lawsuit. This makes insurance essential for synagogues and churches.

Here are 5 types of general liability claims and how to avoid them

You need to be ready for everything as a business owner. You could be held responsible for an accident that might result in you being sued, which could cost thousands of dollars. You would have to pay the costs of these claims out of pocket if you didn’t have general liability insurance. A general liability policy can help you to cover these expenses. You should do everything you can to minimize risk and avoid any accidents.

Claims for General Liability Insurance are typical

You can be sued for general negligence for many reasons. Find out what risks you face and how to avoid them.

These are five examples of general negligence claims that you can avoid.

1. Slip-and-Fall Claims

Slip-and fall claims account for about 10% to all small business insurance claims. The average claim costs around $20,000. A slip-and fall could be an instance of patron walking around your establishment and slipping on a slippery or wet floor. The patron then falls and suffers serious injuries that require medical attention.

How to Avoid Slip and Fall Claims

Make sure everyone is aware of hazards to avoid slip-and fall claims. To help people find a safe path, use signs and cones that indicate wet floors to direct them. To reduce slippage in high-traffic areas, make sure you have nonslip floor rugs pads or tape. Workers should be alert to any potential slippery floors and take immediate action to prevent them from becoming worse. General liability insurance often covers slip-and-fall claims.

2. Third-party property damage claims

Third-party property damages are when someone else’s property is accidentally damaged by your business activities. Imagine a contractor moving a wheelbarrow along a client’s driveway. Then he loses control and the wheelbarrow collides against the client’s vehicle, causing a large dent.

How to avoid Third-party Property Damage Claims

Property damage claims can be avoided by paying attention to your surroundings while working on client property. You must ensure that there is enough space for you to work, without putting the client’s property at risk.

Your clients should always bring their belongings to your business. You can give clients access to a locker, or another safe place where they can store their belongings if they have to leave.

3. Personal & Advertising Injuries Claims

Advertising claims and personal injury are when someone’s reputation has been damaged by your actions. Usually, this is due to what you write or print in advertisements. One common example is when your competitor claims that you are a “crook” and makes a public statement about it. Your competitor could sue you if he loses business or his reputation has been damaged.

How to Avoid Advertising and Personal Injury Claims

It is possible to avoid personal and advertising injuries claims if you pay attention to what your employees and you say. It’s okay to make comparisons between your competitors and their facts, but it is best not to call them names or make disparaging remarks about them. If in doubt, avoid saying anything. Also, make sure that you understand how employees speak to customers. You should teach them how to talk about your competitors.

4. Claims for Products-completed Operations

Products-completed operations coverage kicks into effect if a product has a defect or other problem that causes injury or property damage. This coverage will not protect your business from recalls.

How to Avoid Claims of Products-Completed Operations

Set a high standard for excellence for all products to avoid product-completed operations claims. You must ensure that products are properly tested for safety and take customer feedback seriously. You might be alerted to a problem by someone else, even if no claim is filed. This can provide valuable insight into a potential danger you did not see.

5. 5.

Your general liability policy will provide incidental coverage for liquor-related claims if you don’t manufacture, sell, distribute, or produce alcohol. An employee hosting a happy hour for employees to celebrate reaching sales goals could lead to a claim. You could be held responsible if one of your employees drinks excessively and causes injury to another person while driving home.

How to Avoid Liquor Liability Claims

You will want to ensure that alcohol is prohibited at company events and on company property in order to avoid any claims for liquor liability. If you decide to hold an event with alcohol, ensure that you monitor who is drinking. You can offer ride-sharing to ensure that no one is driving under the influence. The event organizers should limit the amount of alcohol that is permitted.

What your General Liability Insurance Insurer pays for in a Claim

Your general liability policy covers the cost of a claim. It also pays any legal and investigation fees. If a person files slip-and fall claim for $30,000 in medical bills, lost wages, and other expenses, the policy will cover that amount – unless the insurer suspects fraud. In this case, an investigation may be conducted by insurance carriers to determine if the claim is fraudulent.

The amount paid to the insurance company for legal and investigation fees may vary depending on the policy. If you have only $100,000 of liability coverage, this can quickly increase your policy payout caps. To determine if you have sufficient liability coverage, review how your carrier calculates your claim value towards your per-occurrence or aggregate total.

3 Claims That Your General Liability Insurance Doesn’t Cover

third party claims are not covered by general liability. general liability doesn’t cover certain situations. These include:

  1. Professional liability claims Damages that result from errors in your work or workmanship are covered under errors and omissions insurance (E&O), not general liability.
  2. Workers’ Compensation claims: Employees who are hurt at work are covered by workers’ comp insurance, as required by law.
  3. Commercial auto insurance claims: If you are involved in an auto accident while on the job, your commercial auto policy will cover the liability and not general liability.

Bottom line

Avoiding claims and accidents is the best way for your company to save money on general liability insurance. You can’t avoid every bad event, so you need a comprehensive general insurance policy to protect your company and its reputation.

Food Vendor Insurance: Coverage, Providers & Cost

Food vendor insurance is the type of coverage that food vendors need in order to protect their business from financial loss due to liability claims. General liability and commercial property are the most popular policies for food vendors. Costs for food vendor insurance range from $300 to $1,300 per year and as low as $60 for one-day events. With more coverage, larger operations and more equipment, costs will rise.

Different food vendors have different food liability insurance requirements. For food vendors, an online broker such as CoverWallet is a smart way to find the right policy at the right price. You can receive a quote free of charge from a carrier who understands your business needs and risks.

Visit CoverWallet

What does Food Vendor Insurance cover?

Food vendor insurance covers mobile food vendors, single-event vendors, and concessionaires. Each business operates in different locations and can be exposed to different risks. A weekly farmers’ market has different risks than a concession stand at a concert venue. Vendors need to be aware of the risks they are exposed so they can choose policies that protect them.

Food vendor liability insurance, for example, must cover both normal business risks such as slip-and fall general liabilities and risks specific to food vendors. Foodborne diseases and equipment failure are two examples of unique risks.


Tip: Festivals and fairs can have differing insurance requirements. Before you begin looking for insurance, make sure to inquire about the event’s coverage limits and duration.


Who needs food liability insurance?

Food vendor liability insurance is required for any business selling food products to the public at non-traditional locations. Concession stands, street fairs, and public sidewalks are all possible locations. These are some of the most common small businesses that purchase food vendor liability insurance:

  • Food trucks
  • Food trailers
  • Food carts
  • Caterers
  • Concessionaires
  • Private chefs and personal chefs

For any event, even one-day, food vendor insurance is usually required. Restaurants that regularly work at community events or set up tents at food festival events will need to have a policy endorsement or special endorsement. This will cover all the risk associated with events and mobile operations. Because of the higher risk of foodborne diseases, some restaurant insurance policies do not allow event coverage. Different venues have different insurance requirements so you need to know ahead of time if your venue requires additional insurance.

Mobile Food Vendor Insurance Prices

For most small businesses, food vendor insurance costs range from $300 to $1300 per annum. The vendor may only need general liability insurance. However, it is cheaper than those who require additional coverage (e.g. commercial property) or those who want a owner’s policy (BOP). which bundles liability and property coverages.

If you own a food cart, for example, you may only require basic coverage to protect your risks. This includes a BOP for general and commercial liability. You may need foodtruck insurance if you own a food truck with multiple employees and a large vehicle. This would include workers’ compensation and commercial auto insurance.

Insurance costs for food vendors

Policy Premium Cost (Annually). Maximum Coverage Deductible
General Liability From $500 to $1,200 $1 Million $0
BOP From $600 to $1.500 $1 Million $500
Auto From $1,300 to 3,500 $1 Million $500
Inland Marine $300 to $1,000 Depends on the value of the business property N/A
Equipment Breakdown Endorsement From $200 to $800 $50,000 $250 to $2,000
Workers’ Complement From $1,000 to $2,700 $1 Million $0

General liability insurance costs about $100 per day for coverage that covers food vendors for one event such as a food festival. These premiums can vary depending on the provider, state, size of the business, and certain coverages. Your coverage options, such as the limits and the deductibles, are some of the factors that will determine your food vendor insurance cost.

Insurance companies use factors to calculate food vendor insurance costs.

  • Operation: Your business’s nature can impact your risk, such as whether you have a food stand or a mobile food cart.
  • Location A food vendor at a high-crime corner will charge a different rate to a concessionaire who is positioned in a building that has security like a concert hall.
  • Value business property: The higher the premium, the more business assets you insure.
  • Employer payroll: Workers’ Compensation premiums are determined by payroll costs and type of work performed.
  • Coverage amount Although increasing the liability limits or the coverage of assets can increase premiums, this is not a direct correlation. Double coverage doesn’t mean double cost.
  • Deductibles An increase in deductibles can reduce premium costs. Before you finalize your policy, ensure that you have the funds to pay a deductible.
  • Claims history Your premiums could be higher if you have had previous claims because you are more likely to make another claim.

Tip: Event organizers require a certificate of insurance (COI). This certifies that you have the correct amount of coverage, and also lists the event as an additional insured. Each COI costs around $25, while adding someone as an insured endorsement can cost up to $100. Some insurers offer COIs for free and you can download them quickly from their sites.

Food Vendor Insurance Providers

Provider Best for
CoverWallet Catering and food vendors can be found at a range of events.
Progressive Commercial Food trucks equipped with machinery and equipment attached to the trucks
Food Liability Insurance Program Multiple vendors who need certificates of insurance for multiple events
Hiscox Microbusinesses and sole proprietors can operate a wide range of food vendor operations.
Nationwide For occasional and part-time food sellers, short-term, targeted coverage

Many national small-business insurance companies are specialized in specific types of food vendors, so they can offer slightly higher pricing and better protection. Food vendors should compare policies from at least three insurance companies before deciding on a policy. This allows them to compare the coverage they get for the amount they pay in premiums.


CoverWallet can be used by food vendors who are involved in a wide range of events. CoverWallet is an online insurance broker that allows them to search for top-rated national carriers to cover a restaurant that hosts a street fair or a food truck that expands to corporate and family events. CoverWallet offers food vendor insurance policies that cover general liability, commercial property, workers’ compensation, and other options.

Progressive Commercial

Progressive Commercial is a good option for food truck owners who have expensive food preparation equipment permanently attached to their vehicles. This carrier is nationally recognized as a reliable provider of auto insurance, which gives them an advantage in offering the right policies for food truck owners, such as ice cream trucks. Progressive Advantage Business Program offers business owners discounts of 10% to 15% when they bundle multiple policies.


FLIP can be a great option for food businesses that work at multiple events throughout the calendar year. FLIP offers vendors the opportunity to get free certificates of liability insurance. FLIP often provides coverage the same day. FLIP’s insurance policies are underwritten by The Great American Insurance Group. They start at $245 for food coverage.


Hiscox can be a great partner for sole proprietors or microbusinesses in a wide range of food vendors including food and drink carts, mobile food service, concessions, and street food vendors. Hiscox is a specialist in general liability for food vendors. Monthly costs start at $30 and you can get up to $2,000,000 in coverage online. Before you receive the final quote, you can easily adjust your coverage and deductible. It is also easier to get a quote online than to speak with an agent by phone.

All over the country

Nationwide provides great coverage for part-time food vendors that might only have a few booths at events each year. Food vendors can tailor their coverage for short-term policies to be used away from long-term leased or owned premises with this national carrier. Nationwide offers the ability to choose the coverage level and duration, as well as separate policies to cover losses to inventory, stock, or property.

Common Types Of Food Vendor Insurance

You will need some type of insurance, regardless if you are a mobile food vendor and/or a food truck owner. General liability is the most popular type of insurance for food vendors. To protect their vehicles and assets, some vendors may also require commercial property or commercial auto insurance.

Commercial General Liability

Commercial general insurance provides primary insurance coverage for food sellers. It is also known as food vendor liability insurance. This coverage is essential when working with the public as it covers all costs and legal fees if you are accused of causing injury to an employee.

General liability insurance usually covers:

  • Third-party injuries : You can burn someone’s hand if you accidentally spill hot coffee while giving it to them.
  • Foodborne illness: If your customer reports food poisoning after consuming your undercooked product.
  • Third-party Property Damage: If your doll rolls into someone’s vehicle in the event parking lot.

Commercial Property Insurance

You wouldn’t be able to run your food business without your equipment and cart. Commercial property insurance is essential coverage for food vendors. This policy covers any property that is owned by your business and can be repaired or replaced if it is damaged by the covered perils.

  • Vandalism and theft: After someone steals your supplies, or takes them away from you, you must replace them.
  • Water damage or fire: After a fire, pipe burst, or other disaster, you will need to replace all your inventory, supplies, and carts.
  • Food spoilage When your cart’s motor stops working, it can’t keep your products cool. Your food will spoil and you won’t be able to sell it.

A BOP is a cost-effective option for small businesses that combines protections for general liability and commercial property. If your business is affected by a covered loss, you can also get business interruption coverage.

Commercial Auto Insurance

Commercial auto insurance protects third-party claims for bodily injury and property damage in the event you are found liable for an accident. You can also get first-party coverages such as protection for damage to business vehicles that is caused by uninsured and underinsured drivers. Personal auto insurance doesn’t cover vehicles that are used solely for business purposes.

For food trucks, commercial auto coverage is essential. Auto insurance is essential to protect your investment when your biggest asset and greatest risk exposure are tied to a commercial vehicle.

Inland Marine Insurance

Mobile food vendors don’t usually have a physical location. They need inland marine coverage to protect their valuable assets. This includes equipment, tools, supplies and inventory while they move from one place to the next. Commercial property insurance does not cover items beyond the address on the policy.

Insurance for Equipment Failure

Equipment breakdown insurance covers the cost of repairing or replacing equipment and machinery that are essential to daily operations in the event of an internal malfunction. Inland marine covers the generator while in transit. Equipment breakdown replaces the generator when the generator overheats during a summer festival.

Workers’ Compensation Insurance

Workers’ Compensation Insurance offers benefits to employees in the case of work-related illnesses or injuries. If you have employees, most states require that you have this coverage. This coverage is not required for small food vendors that are solely owned and operated by themselves. Workers’ compensation is offered by some insurance companies for single events lasting between one and ten days.

Bottom line

Small business owners in the food sector need to ensure that they have the right insurance coverage. This goes beyond protecting them from liability claims and property damage. Insurance is essential for many food vendors. Food vendors need sufficient liability coverage to be able to get permits, licenses, and contracts.

Products-completed Operation Coverage: What it Is and Who Needs It

Products-completed operation coverage is part of a general insurance policy. It covers injuries and property damage that are caused by products or business operations. This coverage is vital for service providers and contractors who manufacture, distribute or sell goods.

general liability policy covers products-completed operations and costs around $400 to $600 annually for small businesses. A standalone policy will usually cost a business $1 to $2 for every $1,000 of revenue, and more for high-risk products.

What is Product-completed Operation Coverage?

Products-completed operation coverage is a subset in general liability insurance. It covers your business if third parties are injured or suffer property damage due to your product. Businesses can choose to have coverage for general liability through their general insurance policy or through a standalone policy.

When there is a loss from products-completed hazards, claims may cover medical costs, repairs costs, and legal fees. Although most claims are covered, there may be an endorsement that excludes certain types of claims. It is a good idea to carefully read your policy to fully understand what is covered.

Products-completed Operations vs. Standalone Product Liability insurance

Small business owners generally find that the coverage for products-completed operations in their general liability is sufficient. Some businesses, like manufacturers and product designers, may face greater product liability risks. They may require a separate product liability insurance.

This product liability insurance is intended to address this increased demand and is usually sold through specialty insurers. Product liability insurance can be purchased separately and works the same as general liability. It covers your legal defense in the event that your product or service causes injury or damage. However, it does not cover damages that occur outside your business premises.

Products liability policies may have greater limits than general liability policies. Manufacturers can pay $1 to $2 per 1,000 product for policies that cover products that are less risky. A retailer or distributor might pay between $1,500 and $2,500 annually for product liability insurance. High-risk companies can pay significantly more, paying between $6,000 and $12,000 annually.

Because product liability suits often involve multiple plaintiffs and incidents, manufacturers frequently purchase product liability insurance. These costs can quickly add up and manufacturers could be held liable for large amounts if they did not have general liability coverage with products-completed operation coverage.

How products-completed operations coverage works

A general liability policy that covers products-completed operations typically works on an occurrence basis. This means that the policy must be in force when injury or property damage occur. The occurrence that triggers coverage must occur away from business premises. These criteria could cause confusion for policyholders when it comes time to file a claim.

These situations are not typical for products-completed operations coverage.

  • Claims that occur after you have dropped your coverage: Let’s say a contractor finishes a job and then cancels their General Liability one month later. Their insurer won’t cover any claim for injuries sustained by a client if the date of injury is after the cancellation.
  • Claims that occur on your business premises: If a retailer sells a product to a customer who has been injured by it, an insurer will likely deny the retailer’s claim. The policy’s general liability may be activated to cover third-party injuries or property damage.

These situations allow the business owner to still be sued but will not pay their legal fees or court costs.

The business owner can be sued for many years after they have sold the product, even after they close. Extended completed-operations coverage endorsement can help with this. It covers claims relating to products that were sold within the policy’s terms for up to 10 year after expiration.

What products-completed operations are covered?

There is always a chance that a product could cause harm to other people if it is distributed by a business. This is called a products-completed operation hazard. Products-completed operations coverage covers small business owners who are claiming that they have been injured or damaged by a product of their business. Products-completed operations coverage usually covers defects due to accidents or intentional behavior.

Some claims are covered under the products-completed operations coverage.

  • Unintentional contamination: E.coli can end up in pharmaceuticals, for example.
  • Mistakes in labeling: An example is a label that misidentifies a product as lead-free.
  • Unintentional defects: This could be a defect in a battery that causes spontaneous combustion while being charged.
  • Malicious Tampering: An example of this is a hostile worker on an assembly line interfering in ingredients

A business owner may be sued for product liability if their products-completed operation coverage kicks in. This covers their legal fees, court costs and any other legal expenses. The policy may include legal fees as part of the total liability policy. To ensure that you are fully informed about legal fees, check your policy.

What Products-Completed Operations Doesn’t Cover

Four standard exclusions apply to coverage for products-completed operations. Exclusions refer to situations that your insurance policy doesn’t cover, and are clearly stated in the contract.

These are the four exclusions that are standard in coverage for completed operations:

  • Product damage: The product-completed operations coverage does not cover property that is not your product. Imagine that you sell appliances and that a customer gets a broken dishwasher. Because no other property was damaged, your insurer will not cover the claim. Your insurer may cover flooding if the hose breaks.
  • Damage to your finished work: Products completed operations coverage does not cover damage to your finished work. Imagine a carpenter building a staircase that falls under the client’s weight. The client may only sue for damages to the stairway. The insurance company will not pay because it is the carpenter’s responsibility. The client may still be able to sue for any other damage that the broken staircase caused.

This exclusion does not apply to subcontractors. The insurer will usually pay the claim if the carpenter hired a subcontractor for the construction of the stairway.

  • Damage to defective products: Claims arising from property that is defective because it contains your product or work are also exempt. If a defective widget in a manufacturer’s laptop causes it to explode, the insurer won’t likely pay for damages or injuries. However, they will cover any claims for property damage and injury that result from an exploding laptop.
  • Recall expenses Products-completed operations coverage does not cover recall costs. A business will need product recall insurance to fully protect itself. This covers the costs of getting defective products off the shelves.

Limits on Products-completed Operations

General liability insurance covers products-completed operations. This coverage has an aggregate limit which is separate from the general aggregate limits. An aggregate limit is the amount insurers pay to cover claims during a policy term. While most claims are counted against the aggregate limit, products-completed operation claims will only affect the aggregate limit for products-completed. You could have a general liability case that exceeds the policy aggregate limit, but also have a product-completed operations claim against its limit.

Your overall premium can be reduced by selecting a lower limit for your products-completed operations aggregate limit. This could mean that you won’t have enough coverage in the event you are taken to court. It is important to weigh the cost of a product liability suit against what you are willing to pay.

Example of Products-completed Operation Coverage

Imagine a retailer selling toys for children. Its primary concern as a retailer is its customers so it has chosen a general liability policy with products-completed operations coverage. The retailer is covered for injuries to customers that happen in its store as well as injuries it causes outside the store.

When a customer claims that their child was hurt by a defective product, the retailer’s products-completed operation coverage might seem redundant. In the case, the customer’s lawyer will likely name all those involved in bringing the toy to market. This includes the retailer. The defense can be covered by the products-completed operations coverage of the retailer.

This situation could be different for the manufacturer. The manufacturer is more likely to be held liable for defective products. It may also face multiple lawsuits for the same defective product. Each lawsuit reduces its aggregate limit for products-completed operations and its per-occurrence limit under its general liability policy.

A standalone policy reduces the likelihood of a toy manufacturer exceeding its coverage limit. This could be a risk if it has only product liability coverage.

Who needs products-completed operations coverage?

A business with a finished product must ensure that it has sufficient products-completed operations coverage. A general liability policy covers a business up to $100,000, but businesses with greater risk will need more coverage. You need some product-completed operations coverage if a consumer walks away with a product in their hands. This is because there is a risk that the product could cause injury or property damage.

Bottom line

Small business owners are subject to product liability. Standard general liability insurance covers products-completed operations. High-risk individuals may require specialty insurance such as a separate product liability policy. To determine the right coverage limits for their business, owners must assess their risk.

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